About 2000 species of flowering and aromatic plants have been found in burial place in Armenia. An exquisite bas-relief, depicting a visual representation of the fragrance from essential oils being extracted from an herb, is found in the antique Royal tombs and Temples. The ancient Armenians loved flowers as evidenced by murals portraying court ladies wearing Armenian Rose flowers or Longevity Tree (Pomegranate flowers and tree and funeral garlands.
About prehistoric tradition of plant and flower used in Armenian highland evidenced the cave paintings, rock crafting, petroglifs, khazagir tablets as well as in the first written story of Gilgamesh where Sumerian mentioned land of Ararat mountain. The story in the book of Genesis of the spice-trading Israelites, who bought Joseph from his brothers, still resonates in the popular theatre (e.g., Joseph and the Amazing Technicolor Dreamcoat). The collection of sacred writings known as the Vedas, Avesta, Hebrew Bible, the Christian Bible, and the Koran are the basis of Hinduism, Zoroastrianism, Judaism, Christianity, and Islam, the religions of majority of the world's population. They are variations of a single monotheistic religion developed by Semitic on the base of Sumerian legend of Gilgamesh that future on Hebrews people knows as Yaweh. However, Monotheism as a concept was found in ancient Aratta-Hittites 3500 BCE and then in 1371 BCE in Egypt where the pharaoh Ikhnaton (over 200 years before Moses) developed a similar concept based on the sun god. The sacred writings of these five religions have been compiled into the Old Testament (Hebrew Bible), New Testament (Christian Bible), and the Koran.
The Old Testament was written down from an oral tradition by scribes and broad picture of a people who lived in MESOPOTAMIA (translated from Greece «between two river» and means ancient Armenian territory in between Tigris and Euphrates) and describes their interaction with the sweep of events of that era. The canvas stretches from the Nile to the Tigris Euphrates and the action covers about 2000 years. The writings include the sacred and profane, prose and poetry, history and myth, legend and fable, love song and proverbs, parables and revelations. In only one book, written about 180 BCE, Ecclesiasticus, or the Wisdom of Jesus the son of Sirah, is the author (Joshua ben Sira) known. The Christian Bible is a series or writings and letters from a break-away sect of Judaism (all the participants were Jews), written in the first century by distinct personalities. It is based on the premise that Jesus of Nazareth, the son of God, was born of a virgin, and came to fulfill prophesies of the Hebrew Bible, was crucified, and was resurrected from the dead. The Koran is a work of Mohammed (570-632) and accepts the writings of the Hebrew and Christian Bibles.